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Interfaces: There are currently three types of wireless adapter: USB, PC Card, and PCI Card.
Drivers: The user will need to make sure that the wireless adapter they choose has a driver for the OS they intend to use it with. Some cards work with generic drivers, that are based on the cards chipset.
Wireless Settings: The wireless adapter will need to have some sort of software utility to manage its wireless settings. Primarily, the adapter will need to have the same SSID, Channel, and Encryption settings as the device it is trying to connect to. It will also need to have an IP address, Subnet Mask, Gateway, and DNS addresses, that are compatible with the rest of the LAN. The wireless adapter may be configured in either infrastructure or ad-hoc mode.