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If you've just recently gotten Earthlink ADSL service in 2006 the newest Modem is the ZyXEL P660R-ELNK Router for ADSL (also supports the LPV - DSL & Home Phone Service packaged bundle's ADSL2+ requirement) and the P660R-61 Router for bundled Home Phone and DSL service (aka LPV - Line Powered Voice and ADSL2+ DSL type). Both have built in PPPoE and both are preset to support 32 Private IP addresses (meaning up to 32 PCs) on the LAN if you just add a multi-port 10/100 Switch. The P660Rs appear to be fully functional Routers (all P660R versions). There is also a newer ZyXEL P660R-D1 that may be sent out in 2007. [Buying Advice: Don't buy a multi-port 10/100 Hub instead as the now very small price difference is not worth the overall performance difference when compared to a faster multi-port Switch]
Formerly a "one PC online at a time" ADSL Modem was given out known as the UHP Modem (since mid-summer of 2002 to the beginning of 2006) and if you joined back then the chances are you will have one of the 5 models of the UHP modems. There is a FAQ Section on the setup, care and feeding of these UHP modems here :
None of the current or early "Bridge only" or UHP ADSL Modems require that you install any Earthlink software to use the service. Early non-UHP Modems (Bridge Only Modems from earlier than 2002) do require some kind of PPPoE software and you can use what Earthlink offers for non-XP systems (WinPoET 4.0), or you can use the Built-in XP PPPoE software or you can even use the "free" RASPPPoE client from here or even a multi-port Router that has PPPoE in the Firmware. However, the current ZyXEL P660R Routers (P660R-61 or P-660R-ELNK) and all the previous UHP Modems do not require that you install any PPPoE software at all as PPPoE is built into all the P660Rs and the UHP Modem versions.
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»EarthLink DSL FAQ »ZyXEL P660R-61 LPV (Line Powered Voice) Router/Modem setup and details.
ZyXEL P660R ADSL2+, ADSL2, ADSL, and READSL Modem
NOTE: If you are a long time customer and get a ZyXEL P660R (either type) as a replacement modem then you may have to change the VPI/VCI settings in the modem depending on your lines actual settings. The two choices are 0/35 and 8/35 (the 8/35 is an older no longer used for new installs VPI/VCI pair that was used in Bellsouth areas). Details here: What are the VPI/VCI modem settings for Earthlink ADSL lines?