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3.1 Customization and Performance
You can turn off the splash screen or exchange the corporate splash screen to get something more pleasing than a Microsoft or hardware vendor logo. Microsoft's Tweak UI utility for Windows makes turning off the screen easy. Select Start, Settings, Control Panel, and double-click Tweak UI. Click the Boot tab, uncheck "Display splash screen while booting", and click OK.
If you don't have Tweak UI, then you edit msdos.sys. Select Start, Programs, MS-DOS Prompt. In the MS-DOS window, type attrib -r -s -h c:\msdos.sys (use hyphens for the dashes and make sure to leave a space in front of each one), and then press Enter. Next, type notepad c:\msdos.sys. After you press Enter, msdos.sys will come up in Notepad. If the line "Logo=1" is there, change it to Logo=0. If it isn't there, add the line Logo=0 just below the line that reads "[Options]". Save the file and close Notepad. In the DOS window, type attrib +r +s +h c:\msdos.sys (the same as the first command, only with plus signs instead of hyphens), and press Enter. Close the window.
Changing the logo is harder. In Explorer, go to C:\. Select View, Folder Options (or View, Options); on the View tab, select "Show all files", and click OK. Look for a file called logo.sys; if it's there, rename it something like oldlogo.sys. Go to the graphic program of your choice and create or load the file you want to replace the old logo with. The new file should be a .bmp image file with 256 colors and sized 640 by 400 pixels.
Resize the image to 320 by 400 (Windows' boot process stretches the file horizontally from 320 to 640). If you're using Windows' Paint, select Image, Stretch/Skew; in the Stretch section, for Horizontal, enter 50%, and click OK. When you save the file, name it C:\logo.sys. Now, the next time you boot up, you will see the image of your choice.
First, open a regular file folder (C: will do just fine).
Second, click Tools, Folder Options...
Go to the File Types tab.
Scroll down to Folder if you want it to appear in the right-click menu of all folders (Control Panel, C:, Scheduled Tasks, My Computer...) or File Folder if you want it to appear on only the places you can store files (C:\, C:\Windows\System, C:\Program Files...). Select Folder or File Folder (see below for some suggestions) and click edit.
Under Action, Name it. Use the ampersand (&) to indicate what letter should be underlined and used as a keyboard shortcut. Use two ampersands (&&) to display a single ampersand.
Under Application used to perform action, type in the command used to do whatever you want to do. Click ok, then close twice and try it out.
Here are some examples:
Dos Prompt Here (Win9x/ME, use on file folder):
Action: DOS &Prompt Here
App used: C:\Windows\command.com /k /cd "%1"
Explore from here (Folder):
Action: Exp&lore From Here
App used: C:\Windows\explorer.exe /root, "%1"
EDIT: the App used for explore from here should be c:\windows\explorer.exe /e, /root, "%1"
If you want to set Explore as your default instead of Open for folders, in file types, select Folder and click Edit. Select explore and choose Set Default. Explore will now be bold.
If you hate the file types dialog and would rather edit the registry manually, here are the keys to edit:
File Folder: HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Directory\shell
Look at the existing commands to see how it's done.
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Make Your Win98/WinME Computer a "Powerful PC!
As you Win98/WinME users know, you can set the "Typical Role of your PC" in the Control Panels System applet. The usual tweak is to set it to "Network Server" for increased file-system performance. However you can add one more choice: "Powerful PC" which will give your file-system an even further boost. "Powerful PC" sets VFAT (the Virtual File Allocation Table in RAM) so that it will remember about twice as many files and folders as the "Network Server" setting. Sound like something you'd like to try?
Well then, back up you Registry and read on:
Close all your running programs.
Highlight the text below and press Ctrl+C to copy it:
Launch Notepad or your favorite plain text editor and paste it into a new file called PowerPC.reg. Make sure everything one the line that starts with "[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE....\Powerful]" is on one line. Also make sure that there is one carriage return after the last character in the text you paste.
Close your text editor and find your new REG file. Right click the file and select Merge from the context menu.
Reboot and then go to the Control Panel. Launch the System applet, click the Performance tab and then click the File System... button.
Note the small window with the drop down menu. By default it will be set as Desktop Computer. As stated above, normally you will have two other options: Mobile or docking system and Network server.
You should now have a third alternative to the default called Powerful PC. If you check this option you may see a significant performance increase under certain circumstances. If you don't like the results simply change back to Desktop computer or whatever your previous setting was. Each time you make a change you'll be prompted to reboot. Do so.
For those of you as may be interested, here's an explanation of what this REG file does:
The a0,0f,00,00 means 0FA0hex (yes, it is stored backwards) or 4000 decimal. VFAT allocates memory to record the last 4000 files accessed.
The 80,00,00,00 means 0080hex or 128 decimal. VFAT allocates memory to record the last 128 folders accessed. This setting will use about 80K of memory.
The Network Server setting will record the last 2729 files, and 64 folders, and will use about 40K. (0AA9 hex - A9,0A,00,00 in the registry, and 0040 hex - 40,00,00,00 in the registry)
How to Exit Windows 98/Me Automatically Using a Batch File (Q234216)
You can use either of the following commands in a batch file to restart Windows 98/Me automatically:
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,SHExitWindowsEx n
where n is one, or a combination of, the following numbers:
0 - LOGOFF
1 - SHUTDOWN
2 - REBOOT
4 - FORCE
8 - POWEROFF
The above options can be combined into one value to achieve different results. For example, to restart Windows forcefully, without querying any running programs, use the following command line:
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,SHExitWindowsEx 6
NOTE : Using the FORCE option can cause programs to lose data.
Below is an explanation of each available option used with the above command line:
LOGOFF - Shuts down all running processes, then logs the user off.
POWEROFF - Shuts down the system and turns off the power. The system must support the power-off feature.
REBOOT - Shuts down the system and then restarts the system.
SHUTDOWN - Shuts down the system to a point at which it is safe to turn off the power. All file buffers have been flushed to disk, and all running processes have stopped.
FORCE - Forces processes to terminate. When this flag is set, Windows does not query running applications to inform them that Windows is shutting down. This can cause the applications to lose data, therefore, you should only use this flag in an emergency.
The "rundll32.exe shell32.dll,SHExitWindowsEx (n)" command mentioned above can be called from the RunOnce registry key.
The runonce.exe -q command mentioned above restarts the computer after a 15 second delay. There are no other options when using this command line, and it cannot be called from the RunOnce registry key.
How to Prevent a Windows 95, Windows 98, or Windows Me Logon Prompt at Startup (Q152104)