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Brooklyn, NY

Cisco Pix 501 / DNS - Cannot access internert


I currently have a Cisco Pix 501 with the configuration listed below. It connects to the public internet via a cable modem and acts as a DCHP server for the local LAN.

When it first turns on, all computers obtain the correct IP settings and can access the internet. Within 10-15 minutes, computers begin to loose access to the Internet. What’s strange is that each computer that lost Internet access can ping the remote address but cannot perform an nslookup. (it shows as Server UnKnown)

The DNS server is which is the external dns server provided by my ISP. I can ping this address but the local computer is unable to use it for domain to ip resolution.

Then network used to have an existing Windows Small Business Server that was a DNS and WINS Server. I ran dcpromo to remove the role of the server and uninstalled dns via add/remove components.

Can someone please help me determine why the computers over time loose the ability to resolve domain names and therefore loose internet access? Can there be some bad DNS entries created? Is there anything I can run on the local computers to further troubleshoot dns errors? Is it possible that the existing Windows SBS server is still running DNS and therefore causing conficts in some way?

One thing to note is that when I reset the Pix 501, everything begins to work again but only for a short time until one by one each computer can no longer resolve domain names. Also, I noticed that once someone connects via VPN and disconnects, one of the local computers looses the ability to resolve DNS.

Cisco Pix Config
PIX# show config
: Saved
: Written by enable_15 at 08:55:56.390 UTC Fri Mar 15 2013
PIX Version 6.3(5)
interface ethernet0 auto
interface ethernet1 100full
nameif ethernet0 outside security0
nameif ethernet1 inside security100
enable password chiuzjKkSD33lwEw encrypted
passwd chiuzjKkSD33lwEw encrypted
hostname PIX
fixup protocol dns maximum-length 512
fixup protocol ftp 21
fixup protocol h323 h225 1720
fixup protocol h323 ras 1718-1719
fixup protocol http 80
fixup protocol rsh 514
fixup protocol rtsp 554
fixup protocol sip 5060
fixup protocol sip udp 5060
fixup protocol skinny 2000
fixup protocol smtp 25
fixup protocol sqlnet 1521
fixup protocol tftp 69
access-list VPNGROUP_splitTunnelAcl permit ip any
access-list inside_outbound_nat0_acl permit ip
access-list outside_cryptomap_dyn_30 permit ip any
access-list ping_acl permit icmp any any
pager lines 24
logging timestamp
logging monitor debugging
logging buffered debugging
logging history debugging
logging queue 0
icmp permit any echo-reply outside
icmp permit any unreachable outside
icmp permit any echo outside
mtu outside 1500
mtu inside 1500
ip address outside dhcp setroute
ip address inside
ip audit info action alarm
ip audit attack action alarm
ip local pool VPN mask
pdm location inside
pdm location inside
pdm logging informational 512
no pdm history enable
arp timeout 14400
global (outside) 1 interface
nat (inside) 0 access-list inside_outbound_nat0_acl
nat (inside) 1 0 0
access-group ping_acl in interface outside
timeout xlate 0:05:00
timeout conn 1:00:00 half-closed 0:10:00 udp 0:02:00 rpc 0:10:00 h225 1:00:00
timeout h323 0:05:00 mgcp 0:05:00 sip 0:30:00 sip_media 0:02:00
timeout sip-disconnect 0:02:00 sip-invite 0:03:00
timeout uauth 0:05:00 absolute
aaa-server TACACS+ protocol tacacs+
aaa-server TACACS+ max-failed-attempts 3
aaa-server TACACS+ deadtime 10
aaa-server RADIUS protocol radius
aaa-server RADIUS max-failed-attempts 3
aaa-server RADIUS deadtime 10
aaa-server LOCAL protocol local
aaa-server ACS protocol tacacs+
aaa-server ACS max-failed-attempts 3
aaa-server ACS deadtime 10
aaa authentication ssh console LOCAL
aaa authentication telnet console LOCAL
http server enable
http inside
http inside
no snmp-server location
no snmp-server contact
snmp-server community public
no snmp-server enable traps
floodguard enable
sysopt connection permit-ipsec
crypto ipsec transform-set ESP-3DES-MD5 esp-3des esp-md5-hmac
crypto dynamic-map VPNMAP 10 set transform-set ESP-3DES-MD5
crypto dynamic-map VPNMAP 30 match address outside_cryptomap_dyn_30
crypto dynamic-map VPNMAP 30 set transform-set ESP-3DES-MD5
crypto map MYMAP 10 ipsec-isakmp dynamic VPNMAP
crypto map MYMAP client authentication LOCAL
crypto map MYMAP interface outside
isakmp enable outside
isakmp identity address
isakmp nat-traversal 20
isakmp policy 10 authentication pre-share
isakmp policy 10 encryption des
isakmp policy 10 hash md5
isakmp policy 10 group 1
isakmp policy 10 lifetime 86400
isakmp policy 30 authentication pre-share
isakmp policy 30 encryption 3des
isakmp policy 30 hash md5
isakmp policy 30 group 2
isakmp policy 30 lifetime 86400
vpngroup VPNGRP idle-time 1800
vpngroup VPNGROUP address-pool VPN
vpngroup VPNGROUP dns-server
vpngroup VPNGROUP wins-server
vpngroup VPNGROUP default-domain advancedarthritiscarecenter.local
vpngroup VPNGROUP split-tunnel VPNGROUP_splitTunnelAcl
vpngroup VPNGROUP idle-time 1800
vpngroup VPNGROUP password ********
telnet inside
telnet inside
telnet timeout 30
ssh inside
ssh inside
ssh timeout 60
console timeout 0
dhcpd address inside
dhcpd dns
dhcpd lease 7200
dhcpd ping_timeout 750
dhcpd enable inside
username admin password pO9NW1GJpm4IIIFK encrypted privilege 15
username andrew password A340D92MQ0zV0hGs encrypted privilege 15
terminal width 80

How many hosts do you have behind the PIX? I'm willing to bet the issue is a 10user licence and more
than 10 inside hosts. In which case, the only fix is to find a key to increase your user count.

Can you post up the full output of "show version" for review?



Peterborough, ON
said by HELLFIRE:

How many hosts do you have behind the PIX? I'm willing to bet the issue is a 10user licence and more
than 10 inside hosts. In which case, the only fix is to find a key to increase your user count.

Can you post up the full output of "show version" for review?


Good call, I bet you are right

Network Guy
New York
·Future Nine Corp..
·T-Mobile US
reply to ibelite8
I used a PIX 501 for a good while before I got tired of the 10-user license pain in the ass. It's been replaced with a 1841 ever since, I'm a happy camper now.

I would use a 1721 I still have sitting around in my lab for nostalgia, but that poor thing maxes at 9 with the 1-ENET WIC I have for it as WAN card.